The legal doctrine of adverse possession allows a person or entity to assume ownership of another’s property if that person or entity adversely possessed the land and certain conditions have been met. One might think that this old common-law doctrine is no longer relevant. Yet, adverse possession claims continue to cause numerous real estate disputes in Wisconsin and elsewhere.
What Is Adverse Possession?
A typical adverse possession case involves a fence. Take this situation as an example: one farmer accidentally builds a fence 12 inches over the property line of his neighbor’s land. After a certain period, usually 20 years, the farmer who built the fence could obtain title to those 12 inches under the law of adverse possession. This 20-year period is shortened to 10 years if the claim is supported by a written instrument that transferred the property to the adverse possessor. It is shortened to 7 years if supported by a written instrument and the adverse possessor had been paying the real estate taxes during that period. Continue reading
It seems like challenges to wills and trusts have become increasingly common. We often hear news stories about celebrities whose families spend a great deal of time and money fighting high-profile battles over their inheritances.
Many people who contact our law office for estate planning services follow the news. They ask us how to prevent fighting in their own families, ensuring that matters run smoothly as intended. We talk with them about the strategies available to minimize infighting, and the topic of a no-contest clause is often raised.
What Is a No-Contest Clause, Exactly?
A no-contest clause (sometimes called a “penalty clause” or “in terrorem clause” in Latin) is a special provision that can be added to a will or trust. It says that any beneficiary who tries to challenge the document will be eliminated from distribution of assets. In short, if you try to challenge the will, you will be cut out of it. If you try to challenge the trust agreement or the administration of the trust, you won’t receive any funds. Continue reading
If you own or manage rental property in Wisconsin, you should understand the basics of Act 176. Legislators passed this bill into law, which went into effect on March 2, 2016.
The most significant change is an expansion of landlords’ options for evicting tenants engaged in criminal activity. Other revisions alter timing parameters for notices to vacate. The changes also modify landlords’ obligations to trespassers and put new limits on municipal inspections.
Let’s take a closer look at Act 176 and how it may alter your policies and procedures.
Crime-Free Notices Can Streamline Evictions of Lawbreaking Renters
Problem tenants can be an absolute nightmare. When problems involve drug dealing or other serious crimes, landlords must act decisively. Protecting property and guarding against liability become paramount. Wisconsin landlords now have greater power to address these situations. Continue reading
If you own and operate a business, you must be mindful of the relationships you have with individuals who perform work for you. For instance, if you choose to hire employees, you take on the responsibility for withholding their taxes. You can avoid that withholding if you choose to instead purchase services from people who work independently.
Federal and state laws distinguishing independent contractors from employees are complex. Are you confident that you are on safe ground with the IRS when it comes to employment classification?
The Financial Pitfalls of Misclassification
Misclassification of an employee or independent contractor can lead to dire financial consequences for your business. For instance:
- If you mistakenly categorize employees as independent contractors, you could face serious financial consequences. An audit or complaint may make you responsible for the income tax, Social Security, Medicare and unemployment withholding you did not withhold at the time the services were performed. Penalties may also apply.
- Employees who believe they have been misclassified as independent contractors sometimes file lawsuits against their employers. Defending against an employment lawsuit is costly, even if you win.
Almost everyone has a substantial online presence today. This means that we will leave behind some type of Internet legacy as well. Whether you embrace social media sites and use them avidly or simply accept their usefulness, you should definitely consider addressing them in your estate planning documents. Continue reading to discover some of the many reasons why.
Leave the Keys to Valuable Digital Property in Trusted Hands
You likely bank, shop and conduct other financial business online. You may have stored photographs, writings and important family documents in digital form. At a minimum, it is vital to consider appointing a trusted agent and recording passwords so that person can access, preserve and manage your digital assets.
You may also interact frequently with family, friends and associates via Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, or even your own blog or personal website. Consider what might happen when your online voice is silenced by death or incapacity: Continue reading
Wisconsin will hold Democratic and Republican primaries on Tuesday, April 5, 2016, between 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. The process can sound complex, and people are often confused about when, where and how to vote. We hope that this blog post answers some of your questions.
How the Wisconsin Primary Process Works
In both parties, the delegate system helps make sure that the candidate chosen is the most representative and the most likely to be competitive in the general election. The parties hold primaries to choose delegates. Those delegates will then represent their states at their party conventions prior to the presidential election.
For Democrats, 86 pledged delegates are at stake. For Republicans, 42 pledged delegates are at stake. The parties do things a little bit differently:
- The Democrats: Delegates will be allocated proportionately. Candidates will each receive a percentage of the pledged delegates, depending on how people vote. There is a threshold, however: A candidate must receive more than 15 percent of the votes cast in order to be allocated pledged delegates.
- The Republicans: Delegates are allocated on a winner-take-all basis, so the candidate who receives a relative majority of the votes will be allocated all of the pledged delegates.
More Wisconsin-based entrepreneurs are taking the initiative to create their own business entities than ever before. And why shouldn’t they? Starting a business seems as easy as filing a form with Wisconsin’s Department of Financial Institutions (DFI).
The DFI is the filing office for creating Wisconsin corporations, limited liability companies, limited partnerships and other business types. And it’s true: Creating a business entity starts with filing a form there. There are many additional legal matters to consider when forming a business, however. Overlooking these matters can expose you to the risk of litigation, even putting your personal finances at risk.
Items to Consider When Starting a New Business
In addition to filing a form with the DFI, it’s a good idea to:
Properly prepare your operating documents. Depending on the type of business you create, you may be expected to prepare certain operating documents. These can include bylaws, operating agreements, partnership agreements or other important documents. The documents are critical. They define your organization’s operating terms and help protect your legal rights and responsibilities. Continue reading
If you receive a phone call from someone claiming to be an IRS tax collector, you have a right to be suspicious. Since 2013, con artists have stolen tens of millions of dollars from innocent people by claiming to be collecting back taxes. The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration has received nearly 900,000 complaints regarding phone scams of this type.
The IRS does use private collectors to gather back taxes owed to them. But this form of fraud is so common that you are safer assuming a caller is not legitimate, particularly if they ask you to make a wire transfer or use a prepaid debit card immediately to avoid penalties.
One hallmark of this tax scam is the aggressive and threatening nature of the calls. Scam artists need to get your money quickly—and without an obvious trail—to avoid landing in jail. They may threaten to have you arrested or deported. They may threaten to seize your bank accounts or repossess your vehicle. They may threaten to have your driver’s license revoked. In short, they will threaten you with anything to get your money. Continue reading
Legacies for companion animals have made the news many times in recent years, from the $12 Million that hotel mogul Leona Helmsley tried to leave her Maltese terrier in 2007, to the full range of support that Joan Rivers left her four dogs. While it is not often that you can pull solid life lessons from the tabloids, these stories offer great advice and guidance. They show how common it is becoming for owners to plan for the care of their pets in their estate plans. Keep reading to determine how you can apply their experiences to support your pet.
The Best Way to Protect Your Pet: The Pet Trust
In 2013, Wisconsin law added a provision allowing for the creation of trusts for the care of animals. This pet trust provides for ongoing payments to the named caregiver, along with specific care instructions that must be followed. Each trust includes as little or as much information as you wish, including: Continue reading
As a business law attorney, I enjoy assisting my Wisconsin and Minnesota clients with their business startups. I help them choose the proper business entity, draft their operating documents, ensure their compliance with applicable laws and regulations, etc. But once the business is up and running, I find they often lack experience on how to market their business for continued success.
For instance, it is impossible to run a business these days without having some presence on social media channels. All of your customers are out there, many of whom are speaking about your company. Are you meeting those customers where they are? Are you on the right social media channels? If you are, are you sure you are marketing yourself correctly? Are you ensuring that you are protecting your business while building brand engagement and customer loyalty?
One of my colleagues, a content marketing consultant, recommends that business owners check their efforts against these 9 tips to make sure their social media efforts are benefitting their businesses. Continue reading